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BDU female researcher ranked number one from Ethiopian Universities

Dr Almaz Gizew, BDU, ranked first on a competition that involved 45 female teacher-researchers from all universities in Ethiopia. The competition was organized by Ministry of Science and Higher Education, MoSHE on the Science Week which is celebrated under the motto” Ethiopian Women in Science.” The female researchers competed on three main parameters: the number of published research out puts, community service engagements and on university- industry linkage participation. All the female competitors who have represented their respective universities for their better performance amongst their fellow female researchers within their universities have been awarded a certificate of recognition by MoSHE.

Dr Almaz Gizew from College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, BDU, won the prize for her 6 published research works in which she was a principal researcher only in 2011 EC (2018/19) apart from her outstanding and impactful research engagements. In the competition, the participants have displayed an exhibition showing their scholastic achievements on the year specified.

BDU congratulates Dr Almaz Gizew for her remarkable achievements and the recognition bestowed.

Faculty of Chemical and Food Engineering together with Food and Nutrition Research Center, Bahir Dar Institute of Technology at Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia is pleased to announce a national conference FNPM 2020 on 24 & 25 April, 2020. This conference is aimed to create platform for universities, research organizations, policy makers and industries to interact and share knowledge as well as strengthen cooperation amongst individuals, academicians and organizations.

ሀገር አቀፍ የንባብ ሳምንት በባሕር ዳር እየተካሄደ ነው
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የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ቤተ መዛግብትና ቤተ መጻሕፍት ኤጀንሲ ፣ ከባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ እና ከአማራ ክልል ባህልና ቱሪዝም ቢሮ ጋር በመተባበር ‹‹ ህዳር ሲታጠን መጽሐፍ ሲተነተን ›› በሚል መሪ ቃል የተዘጋጀ የንባብ ሳምንትና ዐውደ ርዕይ በፔዳ ግቢ መሰብሰቢያ አዳራሽ እየተካሄደ ነው፡፡

በመክፈቻውም የብሔራዊ ቤተ መዛግብትና ቤተ መጻሕፍት ኤጀንሲ ህዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ የሆኑት አቶ ሽመልስ ታዬ እንደገለፁት ኤጀንሲው ንባብን ባህል ያደረገ ትውልድ እንዲፈጠርና የንባብ ባህላችን ወደ ተሻለ ደረጃ ለማሳደግ እንዲቻል መንግስታዊና መንግስታዊ ካልሆኑ ተቋማትና ከተለያዩ የባለድርሻ አካላት ጋር በመተባበር እየሰራ ነው ብለዋል፡፡ አክለውም የንባብ ባህል ዜጎች ቋንቋቸውን፣ ባህላቸውን ፣ታሪካቸውን፣ ዕውቀታቸውን፣ ልምዳቸውንና ኢኮኖሚያቸውን አዳብረው ንቁ ተሳታፊና ተጠቃሚ እንዲሆኑ የሚረዳ ወሳኝ መንገድ ነው ብለዋል ፡፡ መሰል ዝግጅቶችም ማህበረሰብ ተኮር የንባብ ባህል በየደረጃው እንዲዳብር ፤ የስነ ፅሁፍ ባለሙያዎች እንዲሁም የዘርፉ ምሁራን ያላቸውን እውቀት ልምድ እና ተሞክሮ ለተተኪው ትውልድ እንዲያስተላልፉ ምቹ ሁኔታን ለመፍጠር ያስችላሉ ብለዋል ፡፡

በውይይቱ መርሃ-ግብርም በባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ የኢትዮጵያ ቋንቋዎችና ስነ-ጽሁፍ ት/ክፍል ነባር መምህርና ተመራማሪ በሆኑት ዶ/ር ማረው ዓለሙ ‹‹ በጥልቀት ማንበብ እና በጥልቀት ማሰብ ›› በሚል ርዕስ ጥናታዊ ጽሁፍ ቀርቦ ውይይት ተደርጓል፡፡ በተመሳሳይም በደራሲ ኃይለመለኮት መዋዕል ‹‹የንባብ ክሂል›› በሚል ርዕስ የመነሻ ሃሳብ ቀርቦ ሰፊ ውይይት ተደርጓል፡፡

የንባብ ሳምንቱ እስከ ህዳር 16 በሙሉ ዓለም የባህል ማዕከል በተለያዩ ዝግጅቶች እንደሚቀጥል ከአዘጋጆች መረዳት ተችሏል ፡፡ ህፃናትና አዋቂዎች እንደሚታደሙበት ይጠበቃል፡፡

                   የዩኒቨርሲቲዎች የለውጥ ስራ አመራር ጉባኤ ተካሄደ

የሳይንስና ከፍተኛ ትምህርት ሚኒስቴር ከባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ ጋር በመተባበር ‹‹ የለውጥ ስራዎች ለተቋማት ተልዕኮ ስኬት፣ ለሰላማዊ መማር ማስተማር ፣ ለውጤታማ ሃብት አጠቃቀም እና ለመልካም አስተዳደር መስፈን ›› በሚል ዋና ሀሳብ ከህዳር 5-6 በጥበብ መሰብሰቢያ አዳራሽ ተካሂዷል ፡፡

በጉባኤው ላይ የመክፈቻ ንግግር ያደረጉት የሳይንስና ከፍተኛ ትምህርት ሚንስቴር ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ ተወካይ ዶክተር ይበልጣል አያሌው ተሳታፊዎች የለውጥ ስራ አመራር ሥራዎችን ዕቅድና የመልካም አስተዳደር አፈፃፀም ጠንካራና ደካማ ጎኖች በአግባቡ በመገምገም በቀጣይ የለውጥ ስራ አመራር እና የመልካም አስተዳደር ስራዎችን በተሳካ ሁኔታ ለመፈፀም እንዲችሉ እንደሚረዳ ጠቁመዋል፡፡ የድጋፍና የከትትል ስራ በመስራትም የከፍተኛ ትምህርት ተቋሞችን ወደ ተቀራረበ የመፈፀም አቅም እንዲመጡ ለሚኒስቴር መስሪያ ቤቱም እንደ አንድ የድጋፍና ክትትል መማክርት በመሆን እንዲያገለግሉ አሳስበዋል ፡፡

በውይይቱ በከፍተኛ ትምህርት ተቋማት የለውጥ ስራዎች ላይ የተቀመረ ምርጥ ተሞክሮ እና ከጉዳዩ ጋር ተያያዠ ፅሁፎች ቀርበው አስተያየት ተሰጥቶባቸዋል ፡፡

በጉባኤውም የ47 ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች የለውጥ እና የመልካም አስተዳደር ዳይሬክቶሬቶች ተገኝተውበታል።

የባሕር ዳር ከተማ የሀገር ሽማግሌዎች ከተማሪዎች ጋር ተወያዩ

የባህር ዳር ከተማ የሀገር ሽማግሌዎች እና የዩኒቨርሲቲው አመራሮች  በተማሪዎች የመመገቢያ አዳራሽ በመገኘት ከባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ ተማሪዎች ጋር ምሳ እየተመገቡ በከፍተኛ የትምህርት ተቋማት ውስጥ የሚታየውን አለመረጋጋት  አስመልክቶ  አባታዊ ምክርና ውይይት አደረጉ፡፡

በተለያዩ የሀገራችን አካባቢዎች የሚሰማው ችግር በባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲም እንዳይከሰትና አሁን ያለውን ሰላማዊ የመማር ማስተማር ሁኔታ በዘላቂነት ለማስቀጠል ተማሪዎችና የባህር ዳር ከተማ የሀገር ሽማግሌዎች በጋራ በመሆን በሰላም ዙሪያ ምክክር  አድርገዋል፡፡ ሀገራችን ኢትዮጵያ አሁን ካለባት የህልውና ስጋት በዘላቂነት ለመውጣት ሁሉም የማህበረሰብ ክፍል ሙሉ በሙሉ ለሰላም መስራት እንደሚገባው አሳስበዋል፡፡ ተማሪዎችም የባህር ዳር ከተማ ወጣቶችንና ማህበረሰቡን አመስግነው እስካሁን ምንም የተከሰተ ችግር እንደሌለ ጠቅሰዋል፤ ነገር ግን በመካከላቸው የተለዬ አላማ ያላቸው ተማሪዎች አንዳሉ ስጋታቸውን ጠቅሰው እነዚህን ተማሪዎች በማጋለጥና ከእኩይ ተግባራቸው እንዲታረሙ ለማድረግ  ከዩኒቨርሲቲው ማህበረሰብ ጋር በመሆን እንደሚሰሩ ተናግረዋል፡፡ ተማሪዎች አክለውም በሌሎች የሀገራችን ዩኒቨርሲቲዎች ያለውን ችግር የሚመለከታቸው አካላት ሰላምን ከማስጠበቅ አንፃር በትጋት መስራትና ወንጀለኞችን ለፍርድ ማቅረብ እንዳለበቸው የባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ ተማሪዎች አሳስበዋል፡፡  

 

 

 

 

 

በከተማዋ መዋቅራዊ ፕላን ዝግጅት ላይ የማህበረሰብ የምክክር መድረክ ተካሄደ !!

በሙሉጌታ ዘለቀ                                                                                 

አንድን ከተማ ከተማ ከሚያደርገው አንዱና ዋናው  መሪ እቅድ / ማስተር ፕላን / ነው፡፡ የባህር ዳር ከተማም በከተማ አስተዳደሩና በባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሙሁራን የጋራ ትብብር የከተማዋን መዋቅራዊ ፕላን እቅድ ዝግጅት ላይ ከከተማዋ ማህበረሰ እና በከተማዋ ዙሪያ ከሚገኙ የሳተላይት ከተሞች ተወካዮች ጋር በባሕር ዳር የምክክር መድረክ ተካሄደ፡፡  

የአንድ ከተማ መሪ እቅድ ከ10 እስከ 30 ዓመታት የሚያገለግል ሆኖ የከተማዋን ቀጣይ እቀዶችና ንድፎች ለማስፈፀም የሚያገለግል ወሳኝ መሳሪያ ነው፡፡ መሪ እቅድ  /ማስተር ፕላን/ የከተሞችን እድገት በአግባቡ ለመቆጣጠርና የታለመላቸውን ጊዜ ሲያጠናቅቁ በሌላ መሪ እቅድ መተካት ወሳኝ እና አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ በመሆኑም የአማራ ክልል ርዕሰ መዲና የሆነችው ባህር ዳር ከተማ እና በአራቱም መዓዘን የሚገኙት ሳተላይት ከተሞችን የጨመረ አዲስ መሪ እቅድ /ማስተር ፕላን/ ለመዘገጀት የባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ ሀላፊነቱን ወስዶ በመስራት የዕቅዱን ከ60% በላይ አጠናቆ ቀሪዎችን የስያሜና ሌሎች ችግሮች ዙሪያ የክፍለ ከተሞች አመራሮች፣ የሀገር ሽማግሌዎች፣ የከተማዋ ከፍተኛ አመራሮች እና ከሳተላይት ከተማዎች ተዎካዮች ጋር የምክክር መድረክ አካሄደ፡፡

በምክክር መድረኩ ላይ የፕሮጀክቱ ጽ/ቤት ዳሬክተር የሆኑት ዶ/ር መንግስቴ አባተ ፕሮጀክቱ እስካሁን የመጣበትን የስራ እንቅስቃሴ እና በሂደቱ ላይ ያጋጠሙ ችግሮችን ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ በተጨማሪም ከተማዋን አቋርጠው የሚያልፉ አሀጉራዊ የተሸከርካሪ እና የባቡር መንገዶች መኖራቸውን ጠቅሰው ይህንን ታሳቢ ያደረገ የአርባ አመት ማስተር ፕላን የከተማ አስተዳደሩ ከባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ  ሙሁራን ጋር በመሆን እየተዘጋጀ መሆኑንና በእቅድ ደረጃ ጥናቶች እየተጠናቀቁ በመሆኑ በቀሪ የከተማዋ ችግሮች ላይ በመምከር ውጤታማ ስራን ለማከናዎን የህብረተሰቡ ተሳትፎ ወሳኝ መሆኑን ዶ/ር መንግስቴ ተናግረዋል፡፡ ለፕሮጀክቱ ተግዳሮት የሆነና የከተማዋን እይታ የሚያበላሹ  ህገወጥ የቤቶች ግንባታዎችን ህጋዊ ቅርፅ እንዲይዙ፣ የከተማዋን ነዋሪዎች  የቤት ፍላጎት እንዲፈታ እንዲሁም ከተማዋን የቱሪስት መዳረሻ ለማድረግ በዚህ ማስተር ፕላን ላይ የከተማዋ ህብረተሰብ ውይይት ወሳኝ መሆኑን ገልፀዋል፡፡

አቶ በሀይሉ መለሰ በውይይት መድረኩ ላይ የፕላን የችግር መተንተኛ ዛፍ ከስሩ እስከ ግንዱ /ስረ-መንስኤ፣ ቀጥተኛ መንስኤ እና አንኳር ችግሮችን/  በዝርዝር አቅርበዋል፡፡ በዚህ የውይይት መድረክ ተሳታፊ የሆኑት የጣና ክፍለ ከተማ ነዋሪ አቶ ፍስሃ ፈንቴ እንዳሉት ባሕር ዳር ከተማ የሀገራችን ውብ ከተማ ከመባልም አልፋ ትልልቅ አለማቀፍ ጉባኤዎችን በብዛት ማስተናገዷ፣ በቱሪስት በብዛት የምትጎበኝ እና አላማቀፍ አውቅና ያላት በተፈጥሮዋ የታደለች ለምለም  ከተማ ነች ብለዋል፡፡ አዲሱ የከተማዋ ማስተር ፕላን ብዙ አዳዲስ ነገሮችን ይዞላት እንደሚመጣ ተናግረው ለማስተር ፕላኑ እውን መሆን ማንኛውም የከተማዋ ነዋሪ ለተግባራዊነቱ ትብብር ሲጠየቁ ተባባሪ መሆን እንዳለባቸው ተናግረዋል፡፡

ከተማዋን አረንጓዴ በማልበስና በተፈጥሮ ያገኘችውን የውሃ ሀብቶቿን በመጠቀም ነዋሪዎቿን የምጣኔ ሀብት ተጠቃሚ ለማድረግ እንዲሁም ከተማዋን የቱሪስት መዳረሻ እንድትሆን ፕሮጀክቱ ወሳኝ መሆኑ ተጠቅሷል፡፡

በመጨረሻም በፕሮጀክቱ ሂደት ዙሪያ ያጋጥማሉ ተብሎ በሚገመቱ እና አሁን ባሉ ችግሮች ዙሪያ ከከተማ አስተዳደሩ፣ ከከተማዋ ነዋሪዎችና የስድስቱም ክፍለከተማ ተወካዮች እንዲሁም የሳተላይት ከተሞች ተወካዮች ጋር ከሃያ በላይ የከተማዋ ችግሮች ዙሪያ ምክክር ተደርጎ የጋራ መግባባት ተወስዷል፡፡          

BDU signs MoU with University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical Center

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University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical Center and BDU agreed to work collaboratively in areas of mutual interest. In the MoU, it is indicated that the universities are set to create a working context in areas of research and clinical studies. They also agreed to promote educational exchange activities between their respective institutes. Upon signing this agreement, the universities will organize symposia, conferences, short courses, meetings on topics of mutual interest. There will also be clinical trial establishment, and clinical trainings which will be presented in telemedicine or other means.

In signing this MoU, BDU is the Second next to a South African Institution from the continent to enter into this agreement with UT Southwestern Medical Center. Dr. Danie Podolsky and Dr Zewdu Emiru representing University of Texas (UT) Southwestern Medical Center and Bahir Dar University respectively signed the MoU.

ምስለ ሕክምና ማሰልጠኛ ማዕከል ተከፈተ
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የባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ በኢትዮጵያ ሁለተኛ የሆነውን የምስለ ሕክምና ማዕከል አስመርቆ ወደ ሥራ አስገብቷል፡፡
 
የባሕር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ የሰመመን (አንስቴዢያ) ሕክምና ትምህርት ክፍል መምህርና የኢምፓክት አፍሪካ ተጠሪ የሆኑት አቶ ገብረሕይወት አስፋው በመከፈቻ ስነ ስርዓቱ ተገኝተው እንደተናገሩት ማዕከሉ የሰውን አካላዊ ባሕሪ ተላብሰው በተሠሩ አሻንጉሊቶች በቴክኖሎጂ የታገዘ የተግባር ትምህርት የሚሰጥበት እንደሆነ ጠቅሰዋል፡፡ አክለውም የሕክምና ባለሙያዎች በዚህ ማሽን ልምምድ ሲያደርጉ ብቃታቸውን በተግባር እንዲፈትሹና በታካሚው ሊከሰት የሚችለውን ችግር ቀድመው እንዲገነዘቡ በማድረግ በራስ መተማመናቸውን ከፍ ያደርጋል ብለዋል፡፡ በተጨማሪም የማዕከሉ መከፈት በዘርፉ ያለውን የባለሙያዎች እጥረት ለመቅረፍ ሰፊ እድል እንደሚሰጥ ተናግረዋል ፡፡
 
ማዕከሉ ‹‹ኢምፓክት አፍሪካ›› በተባለ ድርጅት አማካኝነት ከ4 ሚሊዮን ብር በላይ ወጭ እንደተደረገበት ገልፀው ፤ የማዕከሉ መቋቋም ለአጎራባች ክልሎች እና ዩኒቨርስቲዎች የአቅም ግንባታ በመስጠት የማስፋፋት ዕቅድ ይዟል ብለዋል፡፡
በአሜሪካው ቫንደርቢልት ዩኒቨርሲቲ የሕክምና ትምህርት ክፍል መምህርና ረዳት ፕሮፌሰር የሆኑት ባንታየሁ ስለሽ በበኩላቸው በሀገሪቱ ይህን መሰል አገልግሎት መሰጠት መጀመሩ ከባለሙያዎች ልምድ ማነስ ጋር ተያይዞ የሚፈጠሩ የሕክምና ስህተቶችን ለመቀነስ እንደሚያስችል አስረድተዋል።
 
ሌላዋ መሳሪያውን እንዴት መጠቀም እንደሚቻል በተግባር ለታዳሚው በማሳየት ላይ ያገኘናቸው አንስቴዢኦሎጂስት ህብስት ዘገየ እንደተናገሩት በንድፈ ሐሳብ ብቻ ይሰጥ የነበረውን የሰመመን ሰጭ (አንስቴዢያ) ሕክምና በሰው አምሳያ በተሰሩ መሳሪያዎች በተግባር መታገዙ የእናቶችንና ህፃናት ሞት ለመቀነስ ጉልህ አስተዋፆ ያደርጋል ብለዋል፡፡
 
በምረቃ ስነ-ስርዓቱም የባህር ዳር ዩኒቨርሲቲ የኢንፎርሜሽንና ስትራቴጂክ ኮሚዩኒኬሽን ምክትል ፕሬዝደንት ዶ/ር ዘውዱ እምሩን ጨምሮ የዩኒቨርሲቲው ተማሪዎች፣ ከሕክምናው ክፍል የተወጣጡ አስተማሪዎችና ጥሪ የተደረገላቸው እንግዶች ተገኝተውበታል ፡፡

BDU-NORHED Project organizes an International Conference

A conference organized by College of behavioral Sciences and NORHED was held for two days under the title “Making Science and Mathematics Teaching and Learning Impactful “ from October 23-24,2019.

In the opening stage of the conference, Project coordinator Dr Dawit Asrat briefly explained the overall achievements of the project. He said through the project which focuses on improving the teaching and learning of Science and Mathematics, capacity building trainings to the concerned teachers and educators have been provided. Also, the project has created education opportunities both at Masters and PhD levels for staff and students in Bahir Dar and Juba Universities. Speaking of the conference,  Dr Dawit remarked that the papers for the conference were selected through rigorous revision on the basis of their contribution towards making Science and mathematics education meaningful and impactful.

 

Introducing the morning plenary session, the coordinator invited Dr Tadesse Melese, Dean College of Behavioral Sciences to the stage. Through the project, the dean said, nearly half a hundred students’ got scholarships to study their graduate studies. The dean also highlighted the importance of the project in facilitating PhD scholarships and SPSS training opportunities that benefited the staff and students alike from both Universities. He finally expressed his appreciation to the team of experts who won the project. He also thanked NORHED and showed the college’s commitment to realizing the objective of the project.

 

President of BDU, Dr Firew Tegegne on his part reminded the audience as to the performance of students at different levels on Mathematics and Science at national level. He said it is most alarming. Colloquiums like the present ones are believed to be source of ideas that potentially impact policy making on science and mathematics education in order to curb the deteriorating performance of students in every level. The president stressed unless we see a growing positive change on the Science and Mathematics education, the job of teachers and researchers in higher education like BDU is far from over.

 

One of the presenters of the plenary session, a famous philosopher who is tipped to be the father of the philosophy of Mathematics education was Professor Paul Ernest from UK. Professor Ernest presented a paper on “Mistakes in Mathematics and Education”. In his presentation, the professor pointed out that teaching must not demonize errors rather errors shall be source of information for impactful teaching. Blaming learners for the errors committed will make them to be fearful of making mistakes which in turn makes students to be in a state of avoidance of risks. This contributes to failure in Math tasks impacting one’s Math ability and confidence which later grows to Math anxiety and a negative attitude to the subject. This, Professor Ernest continued, will create a negative vicious cycle which makes Math learning so difficult. The professor argued it is possible to turn the failure into success by lessening the feeling of failure. One of the mechanisms is to encourage learners to engage in self and/or peer (dialogical interaction) to dealing with errors.

 

Dr Temechegn Engida, another plenary speaker who has taught and supervised researchers for many years, on his part made a speech on “Science Education issues and Trends”. In his philosophical address, Dr Temechegn gave a historical account of philosophy of Science. He gave examples of countries that change their philosophical stance on science education which brings about success in Math and Science education. He believes that the problem of science education that is prevalent in Ethiopian education system is dealt only from philosophical stand point.

 

The other presenter who was once a student at Peda, Bdu, in the diploma program, Dr Solomon, is now a PhD holder and an associate professor at Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Dr Solomon whose presentation was on “Discussion points on Mathematics education in Ethiopia” emphasized the need for educational reform on Science and Mathematics education in the country.  The presenter encourages Ethiopian education system to emerge out of the different values the country has. This is termed Ethnomathematics. In his presentation, he mentioned how different concepts would have been taught using traditional games. He mentioned about ‘Gebeta’- an Ethiopian traditional game that can be used to teach the concept of saving. It has also been said that this game can also be used to promote critical thinking as well. Dr Solomon also mentioned about some pictures that he found in some churches. He said the pictures can teach the concept of representation and binary digitization. In his speech, he urges decision makers to base their philosophical orientation from within the country than from abroad to bring sensible changes in Science and Mathematics education.

 

In the conference a lot has been garnered from different scholars both in and out of the country from a total of 23 papers presented and from the two key note speeches by two renowned researchers.

 

Participants of the colloquium include BDU teachers and students, invited education personnel, experts, officials and researchers.

Professor Birhanu Mengistu delivers a public lecture on: Truth and reconciliation, or justice and reconciliation in Ethiopia?

Professor Birhanu, veteran scholar, who has been teaching and researching on public policy and public Administration for more than three decades now, has shared his professional and life experience in the context of the current situation in Ethiopia with BDU Community at Peda Campus auditorium. In his talk, the professor provides invaluable insight into the essence of negotiation in the context of the current ethnic based conflicts in Ethiopia. He indicated that conflict can be a growing ground for a betterment of a society, to create a developed and democratic nation; however, he continued, mismanaged conflict could, equally or even more, lead to a chaos where survival could be in jeopardy. In his talk, Professor Birhanu underscored the crucial role of truthfulness for sustainability of any sort of negotiation.

The professor commented on the current negotiators, elderly people from different ethnic backgrounds, who took the assignment of settling the various forms of conflicts in the country. He said the problem with their negotiation approach is their lining up with the ethnic group they come from. By way of lining up with one’s ethnic group while assuming as a negotiator, the professor said the negotiator is never free from partiality which makes the process difficult if not impossible. He said negotiators shall take an unshaken stance on bringing peace and reconciliation at any cost.

So as to transcend the problem the country is now facing, the professor said, there shall be peace and reconciliation that is cognizant of the values of the society. Also, both the victims and the offenders should be sincerely willing to submit to genuine reconciliation. In exemplifying the basic role the two conflicting parties could play, the professor added a story which runs as follows. He said if there is a very narrow aisle on which only one person can pass along, and if two individuals came from opposite direction and met somewhere in the middle of the aisle, there are two possibilities- to fight or to sit and figure out a way where both can head to their destinations. In the first case, only one can make it, but the second case is a win-win for both. The two persons agreed that the only way for both to pass through such a difficult situation is to agree to deal with it through discussion and negotiation. As a result, one bows to let the other walk over him. Finally, both make it to their destination. The professor brought this example to explain the importance of the readiness of opposing bodies/parties to a negotiation and compromise. Sometimes we should bow for a better future. The professor also underlined the need to create common ground for a successful negotiation.

The lecture was more heated with question from the participants and the reflections by the presenter.

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