About AECD Department
The Adult Education and Community Development (AECD) Department, College of Education and Behavioral Sciences, Bahir Dar University, is a pioneer in Ethiopia in training adult education professionals and community development practitioners. The evolution of the department dates back to the establishment of Bahir Dar University. Bahir Dar University (BDU) was formed in 2000 as a result of the unification of two higher education institutions - Bahir Dar Polytechnic Institute and Bahir Dar Teachers College. The Bahir Dar Teachers College was established in 1972 as Bahir Dar Academy of Pedagogy by the tripartite agreement of the Government of Ethiopia, UNESCO, and UNDP. Educating community development workers and adult education organizers were among the objectives of the Academy of Pedagogy. Although it was the only institute to train adult education and community development experts in the country, the adult education programme was terminated in 1997, while all other diploma programmes were upgraded to Bachelor level. After decade-long termination,adult education and community development came into the picture, at Bachelor level (being offered in regular and summer modalities). The department has alsolaunched an MA programme in Adult Education and Community Development (Regular, Summer and Extension modalities).
The department envisions becoming a center of excellence in Adult Education and Community Development. The department has the following missions:
Contributing to qualified personnel in the area of adult education and community development;
Conducting problem-solving research;
Provide need-based community services and thereby contribute to the development endeavors of the country.
The department has been recording many successes. For instance, about more than 500 students were graduated with BA degrees. Several researches have also been conducted in the area of AECD and have been published. In addition, the staff of the department has supported Bahir Dar City Administration to achieve the UNESCO Learning City Award (2015) and through the efforts made by the staff of the department and the City Administration, Bahir Dar City is registered as a member of the Global Network of Learning Cities. For the last several years, the department has also been providing short term training for adult literacy facilitators as part of community service. The department is also currently collaborating with UNESCO Chair for Adult Literacy and Learning for Social Transformation (led by Professor Anna Robinson-Pant), University of East Anglia, UK (see https://www.uea.ac.uk/education/research/areas/literacy-and-development/unesco-chair/unesco-news).
In the future years, the department aims to strengthen capacity development trainings for the staff; establish a PhD programme to respond to the national human power needs and development;diversify BA and MA programmes; establish model community learning centres (CLCs) in Bahir Dar; collaboratively conduct and publish research works that can impact on the national AECD policy and practice; strengthen collaborative works to access up-to-date books and journals, and contribute to capacity development for adult literacy facilitators.
The department collaboratively works with the Ministry of Education; Bahir Dar City Administration; Amhara Regional Education Bureau; DVV International, UNESCO, ANFEAE (Adult and Non-Formal Education Association in Ethiopia) and Facilitator for Change (a local NGO).
With regard to staff profile, the department currently has three assistant professors, four lecturers, one assistant lecturer and four assistant graduates (6 female and 6 male).
Coordinator, UNESCO Chair activities at Bahir Dar University (Adult Literacy and Learning for Social Transformation)
Head, Department of Adult Education and Community Development
College of Education and Behavioural Sciences
P.O.Box 79, Peda Campus, Bahir Dar University
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Cellphone: +251 921 749060
BA in AECD
Students with the following background will be admitted to the programme based on the requirements set by Ministry of Education and the University.
Diploma holders in various fields (Teachers, Development Agents, Health Extension Workers and from related areas) who want to pursue their education in the field;and
Students who completed preparatory programs and scored grades required for joining degree programs based on the rules and regulations of MoE.
The candidates are expected to successfully accomplish 180 CPs.
The candidate is required to obtain:
CGPA of at least 2.00 at graduation.
Major CGPA of at least 2.00 at graduation.
No “F” grade in any module (course).
3 and ½
MA in AECD
The program shall be open to all applicants regardless of their academic specialization. Relevance of educational background of applicants, their academic performance as displayed in their credentials and entrance exam results will be considered to select applicants. Female applicants are encouraged. If it is found necessary, applicants coming from unrelated educational background will take preparatory courses with undergraduate students.
The Admission is subject to the approval of the CGS (Council of Graduate Studies) and the University legislation. Besides, admission to this program is based on an entrance exam. Good performance in an entrance examination administered as part of screening process. Applicants may be organization-sponsored or self-sponsored.
Required credit for the MA programme shall be total of 124 ECTS/CP (36 credit hours), 64 ECTS/CP (30 credit hours) course work and 60 ECTS/CP (6 credit hours) thesis work.
2 and ½
Note: Medium of instruction for all programmes is English Language
Professional and Graduate Profile of BA graduates of AECD
BA graduates of AECD
Adult education and community development program should enable the graduate to acquire both theoretical knowledge and practical know-how pertinent to the profession so that they will be competent locally, nationally and internationally. It should transfer employability skill in an ethical manner that can be mirrored through the cognitive ability, interpersonal skill, organizational skill and research working skill of the graduate.
The graduates of adult education and community development with BA degree in adult education and community development, therefore, can work as:
Community Development workers/agents
Adult and Non-Formal Education curriculum experts
Adult and Non-Formal Education Assessment and Evaluation experts
Adult and Non-Formal Education experts, coordinators, and managers
Continuous professional development coordinators
Workplace Learning Planners and Facilitators
Community mobilizing agents
Alternative Basic Education (ABE) organizers, coordinators, managers and supervisors
Pastoral education organizers, coordinators, managers and supervisors
Distance and e-learning coordinators, managers and supervisors
Continuing education organizers, coordinators, managers and supervisors
Education in Emergencies coordinators, managers and supervisors
Prison education organizers, coordinators, managers and supervisors
Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET) coordinators and supervisors
Gender issue advocators experts
Social welfare advocators
Vocational guidance and career counselors
Trainers and Capacity building experts
Community and social change agents
Human resource development experts
Community health protection facilitators
Micro and Small scale enterprise coordinators
Project and programme designers, coordinators managers and evaluators
Lifelong learning experts
Policy development advisors and advocators
Community Learning Center designers, coordinators, managers and supervisors
Integrated Functional Adult Education designers, coordinators, managers and supervisors
Thus, the graduates of adult education and community development with BAdegree in adult education and community development will have the opportunities to secure employment in a wide range of education and community development organizations and institutions both locally and internationally. For instance they can work in the following sectors and organizations:
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level Education bureaus
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level women and children affairs
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level youth and sport affairs
Regional, Zonal and Sub-city level Labor and Social affairs
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level Micro, Small and Medium enterprises
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level Cooperatives coordinating agencies
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level TVET agencies
Community based organizations/Community resource mobilization and Development Organizations
National and International Non-Governmental Organizational (NGOs) and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs)
Institutions of higher learning (Colleges and Universities)
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level Agricultural and Rural development bureaus
Pastoral Community education and development sectors
Prisons (correctional education sectors)
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level health bureaus
Regional, Zonal, Woreda and Sub-city level administrative offices
Research institutes and consultancy firms
Career counseling centers
Leadership Training Institutes/Management institutes
Community Learning Centers
Community Skills Training Centers
HIV AIDS Prevention and Control Office
Distance and Continuing Education Institutions
The field of Adult Education and Community Development is related to the following fields of study:
Human Resource Management;
Gender and Development;
Natural Resource Management;
Educational Planning and Management;
Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies as well as
Special Needs and Inclusive Education
Students who have completed an undergraduate degree in adult education and community development are expected to have comprehensive theoretical and practical understanding on advanced level, including:
Knowledge of adult education and community development as well as lifelong learning
General intellectual and life skills in adult education, Lifelong learning and community development and,
Values that equip them for employment, citizenship and lays the foundations for a lifetime continuous learning and personal development.
The graduates of AECD will be able to:
Conduct and identify the training and development needs of the target community.
Facilitate various kinds of adult and non-formal education and training programs
Prepare training manuals/materials for different kinds of adult and non-formal learning projects and programs.
Advise and consult decision makers and organizations in the area of adult and non-formal education and continuous professional development (CPD) as well as workplace Learning.
Design, develop and plan Adult education and community development projects and programmes
Supervise, monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of adult education and community development projects and programs.
Design and execute/implement different kinds of adult education and community development programs and projects.
Lead (manage) different kinds of Adult Education and Community Development programs and projects.
Consult in the design, management and evaluation of adult education and community development programs,
Initiate and propose adult and non-formal education, lifelong learning and community development/service/ policy alternatives to policy makers
Create partnership and network among different organizations working in the field of adult and non-formal education as well as community development to mobilize resources.
Create awareness about lifelong learning, adult education and community development/service/ policies, strategies and guidelines for different parties
Promote the idea of continuous professional development (workplace learning) and lifelong learning and thereby inculcate learning culture in various organizational and the community.
Apply conflict management skills in the context of adult education, workplace and community development activities.
Conduct research to solve problems in the area of Adult and non-formal Education as well as community and initiate ideas for social change.
Integrate adult and lifelong Learning in different sectors.
Coordinate natural resource management and environmental protection activities
Plan, execute and monitor community health prevention and protection projects and programmes
Promote, advocate and mainstream gender issues in Adult Education and Community Development policies, strategies, projects and programmes
Organize and manage groups for Adult Education and Development activities
Initiate and Coordinate various volunteering and community services activities to bring about and strengthen adult, non-formal education and community development
Identify, prioritize and plan intervention for various social problems
Plan, supervise and facilitate projects and programmes working on various social problems
Design, implement and evaluate Adult and Non-formal education Curriculum
Facilitate, organize and supervise agricultural and rural extension activities and programmes
Provide various trainings and ToTs on adult learning facilitation methods and skills (andragogical skills trainings)
Mobilize community to undertake adult and non-formal education and community development
Design, coordinate and manage distance and e-learning programmes
Deliver Adult Education and Community Development Courses in institutes of higher learning
Design and administer learning assessment tools in Adult and Non-formal education programmes
In 2008 the Ministry of Education developed and endorsed a national adult education strategy which mainly intends to provide functional adult literacy programs. The strategy underscores that adult education has huge importance in speeding up Ethiopia’s economic development as efforts of poverty reduction necessitate literate and skilled citizens. This strong association of adult education with the country’s economic development also requires experts who are capable of integrating the adult education with the community development endeavors.
Moreover, adults constitute 50 percent of Ethiopia’s population. The majority (58%) of these adults cannot read and write (UNESCO 2006). Creating an environment for developing adults’ life skills and various competencies is necessary to develop a sustainable knowledge society. The Ministry of Education, in its national adult education strategy document, also stresses the need to reduce the number of illiterate adults by 50% in 2015 (MOE, 2007, p.13). To meet these objectives, adult education professionals and institutions are indispensable elements.
Following the introduction of the country’s development policy, different GOs & NGOs organized various development and training centers like Community Skill Training Center (CSTC), Farmers Strength Center (FST), centers working on health and agriculture that support the realization of development goals. Such development organizations are in a dire need of experts who can integrate education and development activities to meet the national development goals. Despite this fact, there are no higher learning institutions that produce qualified personnel in this field of specialization except Jimma University. This calls for the opening up of such programs in other HE to address the demand for qualified experts in adult education & community development.
For the realization of the National Adult Education Strategy as well as integrating adult education with the country’s development endeavors, it is important to produce adult educators who plan and manage both adult education and community development programs.
2. Program Goals
The department of Adult Education and Community Development will work to produce competent and committed adult educators and community developers who can serve as development agent in the country’s endeavor for development and transformation. Thus, the major goals of the undergraduate program in Adult education and community development are:
- To establish in students an appreciation of the importance of andragogy and community development philosophies and principles
- To develop basic and practical skills in Adult education and community development practices
- To develop the ability to apply the learned skills for solving practical community problems; and
- To provide a wide range of transferable skills to the graduates
2.1 Program Objectives
- To produce competent adult educators and community development experts who can work in adult education systems and organizations.
- To offer tailor made trainings that can address new training needs in adult education and community development.
- To conduct research in adult education and community development related problems.
- To provide consultancy services in adult education and community development sectors.
3. Program Requirements
3.1 Admission Requirement
- Diploma holders with some experience of teaching at schools, workers/experts in zone/woreda education bureaus, health professionals and other extension workers in agriculture bureaus;and
- Students who completed preparatory programs and scored grades required for joining degree programs based on the rules and regulations of MOE.
In addition to the above requirements, students must have attended their secondary education and/or diploma program in English medium of instruction.
3.2 Duration of the Study
The program is organized to be completed in three years.
3.3 Graduation Requirement
The candidates must have taken a minimum of 108 credit hours and maximum of 112 credit hours.The candidate is required to obtain:
- CGPA of at least 2.00 at graduation.
- Major CGPA of at least 2.00 at graduation.
- No “F” grade in any course.
3.4 Medium of Instruction
The program uses English as a medium of instruction.
4. Degree Nomenclature
The type of Degree conferred shall be
Degree of Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Adult Education and Community Development
(የአርት ዲግሪ በጎልማሶች ትምህርትና ማኅበረሰብ ልማት)
5. Graduates Profile: Future Career Paths and Opportunities
Graduates of the Program will have competencies in four major areas:
- Design and develop adult education and community development policies, strategies, programs, curriculum, courses, and projects.
- Manage, lead and implement adult education policies, strategies, programs, curriculum, courses, and lessons.
- Monitor, analyze and evaluate adult education and community development policies, strategies, programs, curriculum, courses, and lessons.
- Conduct research to solve community problems and initiate ideas for social change.
- Consult in the design, management and evaluation of adult education and community development programs, and in integrating adult and life-long education in different sectors.