Although a combination of teaching methodologies is used in different departments. As teaching methodology, Community Based Education (CBE) is widely exercised throughout the college. Classroom lecture methods, demonstrations, hospital visits/clinical attachments and laboratory exercises are parts of the teaching methodologies. During the community and clinical attachment sessions, students are exposed to various problems that require local /hospital solutions. At this stage students get the chance to develop hands-on experience and problem solving attitudes. The competence of instructors in the teaching learning process has been given serious consideration at college of medicine and health sciences. A higher diploma program in teaching methodology has been introduced and all staff members will be required to go through this program in the future if they choose to stay in the teaching profession.
Community Based Education (CBE): A Starting point and teaching methodology
The college has known by implementing Community Based Education (CBE) consisting Community based Training Program (CBTP) and Team Training Program (TTP). Graduating class students are assigned in different health centers for Team Training Program (TTP) for two months every year. During their stay in the community, students would provide basic health service activities both in static and outreach schemes.
The college uses three strategies to implement community based education (CBE). These are;
- Community Based Training Program (CBTP)
It is an integrated institutional program, which runs in phases from first year to graduation along with an in-built regular follow up program. Each phase has specifically defined educational objectives. During each phase, students as a group are assigned to urban and semi-urban or rural areas. In the CBTP activity students are expected to collect relevant information using well-structured questionnaires. For each team a team of supervisors (academic staff) are deployed together with the students. The data collection period in the community is about 5 to 8 days. After data collection, students and assigned supervisors participate in data analysis to determine the community problems. In this process, problem identification and prioritization is undertaken. Finally students are expected to present their findings at symposium.
- Team Training Program (TTP)
In Team Training Program (TTP), senior students from different health disciplines will be deployed to rural and semi-urban health center as a team (each team consists of 10 to 15 students) for two months and engage themselves in clinical and community outreach activities. Every fortnight supervisors (senior academic staffs) are deployed to supervise the activities and evaluate the two weeks activity reports. During each phase, the team of students delivers services to the catchment communities of the health center.
- Student Research Program (SRP)
Within the SRP, all under graduate program students are required to undertake independent institutional/community based research work. During this program the student (s) and the research advisors and students will work hand in hand to finalize student research activities. This enables the students to become skilled researchers. While doing their research they will gain knowledge on problem identification, data collection, data analysis, interpretation, recommending solutions and implementing them. The study has to be problem-oriented, community-based/institution-based, scientifically and ethically sound and feasible and action oriented.