Blue Nile Water Institute conducted the 2nd Nile symposium on "Challenges and Opportunities of Water Resource Uses in the Nile Basin". It was held for two days, from 28 to 29, April, 2015 with plenary session and technical paper presentations. Invited public figures from Ethiopia, Sudan and USA gave presentations on wider water and water related issues in the Upper Nile Basin. More than 18 technical papers were presented during the parallel sessions and discussions were held. Participants acknowledged the effort made by BNWI-BDU to bring the scientific community together and urged the establishment of forum of experts in the Easter Africa. The first symposium was conducted a year ago when by the time H.E President Field Marshal Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir gave an opening speech that makes the day a historic day in the history of Bahir Dar University as well as Annual Nile Symposium.